The birth history of an electric shaver

You use a daily electric shaver, carry it on every travel or long day trip - but do you know how the electric shaver was born?

Since time immemorial, the bearded men have been known to shave and beard on their faces with hot water, soap, and a sharp blade - indeed very elaborate and time-consuming, or even scratching their faces by knives Shave too sharp. 

By the twentieth century, people had achieved outstanding technological advances in many areas of life, and coincidentally when two inventors living on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean had found a way to help men. 

The world has a smooth face that needs razors, soap or hot water.

Jacob Schick was born in 1877 to a German immigrant family but later grew up in New Mexico, and joined the army in 1898 when the Spanish-American war broke out. 

In 1905, when he was holding the rank of lieutenant, Jacob was sent to Fort Gibbon in Alaska to participate in the construction of information routes during the next five years. 

Military discipline was absorbed into Jacob's flesh and blood, and despite poor living conditions, he always kept a clean, neat shave according to the warrant's rules and regulations. And this is also the source of two of Jacob's most famous inventions.

When the first world war broke out, Jacob Schick was sent to Europe and continued to serve as a lieutenant colonel and retired. At this time he had time to pursue a passion. 

His first invention was related to a problem that had kept him very inhibited during his military years in Alaska: The low temperature of this region made his fingers lose sensitivity, not easy. to fit the blade into the shaving table.

Now by applying the working principle of the automatic rifle he learned during the war in Europe, Schick has successfully developed and patented the type of razor with an alternative semi-automatic system the blade (packaged in clamps like bullet clamps), and in 1925 he founded the company that produced the razor. 

Three years later, he invented the first electric razor in the world, thereby solving another problem in Alaska - a lack of hot water.

The use of this type of electric razor is quite complicated, requiring users to use both hands: one to hold the motor and one to hold the trimmer (connected to the motor by the elastic shaft). 

It was mass-produced in 1931, and although it was quite laborious to operate and was born in the midst of the Great Depression, electric razors were incredibly successful: over one million units were sold 2 years for $ 25 / unit, equivalent to $ 367.27 in 2016!

Meanwhile, on the other side of the ocean, a dry electric razor was introduced and improved. In 1930, the Dutch company Philips in Eindhoven was trying to actively seek new niche markets for consumer electronics. 

One of the company's sales representatives who returned from the United States in 1937 brought dozens of household electrical appliances. Philips has done thorough research on all these products in order to better improve them and sell those "upgrade" items.

Among the technologies that Philips has obtained from abroad are Schick brand razors. It quickly caught the attention of Alexander Horowitz's radio development department. 

He decided to abandon the mechanism of turning rotational motion into linear motion, which was very cumbersome, and this allowed the combination of an electric motor (taken from a bike's dynamo generator) and a cut-in block a shell.

In 1939, Philips introduced the first rotor electric shaver to the world. Rotor electric shavers were quickly received, not only men but also women were very favored by Philips when selling their sister's shaving products with elegant designs, greatly simplifying many stages. beauty and hair removal.

Initially, the electric razor had only one blade, then it was added to two, and three blades to increase cleaning efficiency. 

Since then, Philips has sold more than 600 million electric rotor razors and 2 billion shaving heads.

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